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Version: 3.3

Android - Jetpack Compose

This tutorial lets you write an Android application and use Koin dependency injection to retrieve your components. You need around 10 min to do the tutorial.

Get the code

Gradle Setup

Add the Koin Android dependency like below:

dependencies {

// Koin for Android
implementation "io.insert-koin:koin-androidx-compose:$koin_version"
}

Application Overview

The idea of the application is to manage a list of users, and display it in our MainActivity class with a Presenter or a ViewModel:

Users -> UserRepository -> (Presenter or ViewModel) -> Composable

The "User" Data

We will manage a collection of Users. Here is the data class:

data class User(val name : String)

We create a "Repository" component to manage the list of users (add users or find one by name). Here below, the UserRepository interface and its implementation:

interface UserRepository {
fun findUser(name : String): User?
fun addUsers(users : List<User>)
}

class UserRepositoryImpl : UserRepository {

private val _users = arrayListOf<User>()

override fun findUser(name: String): User? {
return _users.firstOrNull { it.name == name }
}

override fun addUsers(users : List<User>) {
_users.addAll(users)
}
}

The Koin module

Use the module function to declare a Koin module. A Koin module is the place where we define all our components to be injected.

val appModule = module {

}

Let's declare our first component. We want a singleton of UserRepository, by creating an instance of UserRepositoryImpl

val appModule = module {
single<UserRepository> { UserRepositoryImpl() }
}

Displaying User with UserViewModel

The UserViewModel class

Let's write a ViewModel component to display a user:

class UserViewModel(private val repository: UserRepository) : ViewModel() {

fun sayHello(name : String) : String{
val foundUser = repository.findUser(name)
return foundUser?.let { "Hello '$it' from $this" } ?: "User '$name' not found!"
}
}

UserRepository is referenced in UserViewModel's constructor

We declare UserViewModel in our Koin module. We declare it as a viewModel definition, to not keep any instance in memory (avoid any leak with Android lifecycle):

val appModule = module {
single<UserRepository> { UserRepositoryImpl() }
viewModel { MyViewModel(get()) }
}

The get() function allow to ask Koin to resolve the needed dependency.

Injecting ViewModel in Compose

The UserViewModel component will be created, resolving the UserRepository instance with it. To get it into our Activity, let's inject it with the koinViewModel() function:

@Composable
fun ViewModelInject(userName : String, viewModel: UserViewModel = koinViewModel()){
Text(text = viewModel.sayHello(userName), modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
}
info

The koinViewModel function allows us to retrieve a ViewModel instances, create the associated ViewModel Factory for you and bind it to the lifecycle

Displaying User with UserStateHolder

The UserStateHolder class

Let's write a ViewModel component to display a user:

class UserStateHolder(private val repository: UserRepository) {

fun sayHello(name : String) : String{
val foundUser = repository.findUser(name)
return foundUser?.let { "Hello '$it' from $this" } ?: "User '$name' not found!"
}
}

UserRepository is referenced in UserViewModel's constructor

We declare UserViewModel in our Koin module. We declare it as a viewModel definition, to not keep any instance in memory (avoid any leak with Android lifecycle):

val appModule = module {
single<UserRepository> { UserRepositoryImpl() }
factory { UserStateHolder(get()) }
}

Injecting UserStateHolder in Compose

The UserViewModel component will be created, resolving the UserRepository instance with it. To get it into our Activity, let's inject it with the get() function:

@Composable
fun FactoryInject(userName : String, presenter: UserStateHolder = get()){
Text(text = presenter.sayHello(userName), modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
}
info

The get function allows us to retrieve a ViewModel instances, create the associated ViewModel Factory for you and bind it to the lifecycle

Start Koin

We need to start Koin with our Android application. Just call the startKoin() function in the application's main entry point, our MainApplication class:

class MainApplication : Application(){
override fun onCreate() {
super.onCreate()

startKoin{
androidLogger()
androidContext(this@MainApplication)
modules(appModule)
}
}
}
info

The modules() function in startKoin load the given list of modules

Koin module: classic or constructor DSL?

Here is the Koin moduel declaration for our app:

val appModule = module {
single<HelloRepository> { HelloRepositoryImpl() }
viewModel { MyViewModel(get()) }
}

We can write it in a more compact way, by using constructors:

val appModule = module {
singleOf(::UserRepositoryImpl) { bind<UserRepository>() }
viewModelOf(::UserViewModel)
}

Verifying your App!

We can ensure that our Koin configuration is good before launching our app, by verifying our Koin configuration with a simple JUnit Test.

Gradle Setup

Add the Koin Android dependency like below:

// Add Maven Central to your repositories if needed
repositories {
mavenCentral()
}

dependencies {

// Koin for Tests
testImplementation "io.insert-koin:koin-test-junit4:$koin_version"
}

Checking your modules

The checkModules function allow to verify the given Koin modules:

class CheckModulesTest : KoinTest {

// Declare Mock with Mockito
@get:Rule
val mockProvider = MockProviderRule.create { clazz ->
Mockito.mock(clazz.java)
}

// verify the Koin configuration
@Test
fun checkAllModules() = checkModules {
modules(appModule)
}
}

With just a JUnit test, you can ensure your definitions configuration are not missing anything!

info

You need to declare a MockProviderRule to declare how you mock a class (here for example, we use Mockito).