Injecting in Tests

Making your test a KoinComponent with KoinTest

By tagging your class KoinTest, your class become a KoinComponent and bring you:

  • by inject() & get() - function to retrieve yoru instances from Koin
  • checkModules - help you check your configuration
  • declareMock & declare - to declare a mock or a new definition in the current context
class ComponentA
class ComponentB(val a: ComponentA)
class MyTest : KoinTest {
// Lazy inject property
val componentB : ComponentB by inject()
@Test
fun `should inject my components`() {
startKoin{
modules(
module {
single { ComponentA() }
single { ComponentB(get()) }
})
}
// directly request an instance
val componentA = get<ComponentA>()
assertNotNull(a)
assertEquals(componentA, componentB.a)
}
note

Don't hesitate to overload Koin modules configuration to help you partly build your app.

JUnit Rules

Create a Koin context for your test

You can easily create and hold a Koin context for each of your test with the following rule:

@get:Rule
val koinTestRule = KoinTestRule.create {
// Your KoinApplication instance here
modules(myModule)
}

Specify your Mock Provider

To let you use the declareMock API, you need to specify a rule to let Koin know how you build your Mock instance. This let you choose the right mocking framework for your need.

Create mocks using Mockito:

@get:Rule
val mockProvider = MockProviderRule.create { clazz ->
// Your way to build a Mock here
Mockito.mock(clazz.java)
}

Create mocks using MockK:

@get:Rule
val mockProvider = MockProviderRule.create { clazz ->
// Your way to build a Mock here
mockkClass(clazz)
}

!> koin-test project is not tied anymore to mockito

Mocking out of the box

Instead of making a new module each time you need a mock, you can declare a mock on the fly with declareMock:

class ComponentA
class ComponentB(val a: ComponentA)
class MyTest : KoinTest {
@get:Rule
val koinTestRule = KoinTestRule.create {
modules(
module {
single { ComponentA() }
single { ComponentB(get()) }
})
}
@get:Rule
val mockProvider = MockProviderRule.create { clazz ->
Mockito.mock(clazz.java)
}
@Test
fun `should inject my components`() {
}
// Replace current definition by a Mock
val mock = declareMock<ComponentA>()
// retrieve mock, same as variable above
assertNotNull(get<ComponentA>())
// is built with mocked ComponentA
assertNotNull(get<ComponentB>())
}
note

declareMock can specify if you want a single or factory, and if you wan to have it in a module path.

Declaring a component on the fly

When a mock is not enough and don't want to create a module just for this, you can use declare:

@Test
fun `successful declare an expression mock`() {
startKoin { }
declare {
factory { ComponentA("Test Params") }
}
Assert.assertNotEquals(get<ComponentA>(), get<ComponentA>())
}

Checking your Koin modules

Koin offers a way to test if you Koin modules are good: checkModules - walk through your definition tree and check if each definition is bound

@Test
fun `check MVP hierarchy`() {
checkModules {
modules(myModule1, myModule2 ...)
}
}

Starting & stopping Koin for your tests

Take attention to stop your koin instance (if you use startKoin in your tests) between every test. Else be sure to use koinApplication, for local koin instances or stopKoin() to stop the current global instance.

Testing with JUnit5

JUnit 5 support provides Extensions that will handle the starting and stopping of Koin context. This means that if you are using the extension you don't need to use the AutoCloseKoinTest.

Dependency

For testing with JUnit5 you need to use koin-junit5 dependency.

Writing tests

You need to Register the KoinTestExtension and provide your module configuration. After this is done you can either get or inject your components to the test. Remember to use @JvmField with the @RegisterExtension.

class ExtensionTests: KoinTest {
private val componentB by inject<Simple.ComponentB>()
@JvmField
@RegisterExtension
val koinTestExtension = KoinTestExtension.create {
modules(
module {
single { Simple.ComponentA() }
single { Simple.ComponentB(get()) }
})
}
@Test
fun contextIsCreatedForTheTest() {
Assertions.assertNotNull(get<Simple.ComponentA>())
Assertions.assertNotNull(componentB)
}
}

Mocking with JUnit5

This works the same way as in JUnit4 except you need to use @RegisterExtension.

class MockExtensionTests: KoinTest {
val mock: Simple.UUIDComponent by inject()
@JvmField
@RegisterExtension
val koinTestExtension = KoinTestExtension.create {
modules(
module {
single { Simple.UUIDComponent() }
})
}
@JvmField
@RegisterExtension
val mockProvider = MockProviderExtension.create { clazz ->
Mockito.mock(clazz.java)
}
@Test
fun mockProviderTest() {
val uuidValue = "UUID"
declareMock<Simple.UUIDComponent> {
BDDMockito.given(getUUID()).will { uuidValue }
}
Assertions.assertEquals(uuidValue, mock.getUUID())
}
}

Getting the created Koin instances

You can also get the created koin context as a function parameter. This can be achieved by adding a function parameter to the test function.

class ExtensionTests: KoinTest {
@RegisterExtension
@JvmField
val koinTestExtension = KoinTestExtension.create {
modules(
module {
single { Simple.ComponentA() }
})
}
@Test
fun contextIsCreatedForTheTest(koin: Koin) {
// get<SimpleComponentA>() == koin.get<Simple.ComponentA>()
Assertions.assertNotNull(koin.get<Simple.ComponentA>())
}
}